Journal Political Philosophy

Journal Political Philosophy - Journals Political...

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Journals Political Philosophy Social Contract Theory: Lecture 3, 2/2, Glaucon, Plato, Selection from the Republic: 1: In the reading “Plato, Selection from the Republic”, the author is arguing about how not only people prefer to be unjust rather to be just, but it is more rational for people to do so. Glaucon argues that life is unjust and it is better than living a perfectly just life. 2: A key term that caught my eye within the first sentence of the reading was “epicure” and in the second paragraph was “pugnacious”. Epicure being a person who takes particular pleasure in fine food and drink, and pugnacious meaning to be eager or quick to argue, quarrel or fight. 3: The main arguments by Glaucon include how he states to Socrates that all goods can be divided into three classes: we desire only for consequences (physical training/medical treatment), things we desire for our own sake, and the highest class (things we desire for own sake and what we get from them). Glaucon argues that we only suffer from justice because people suffer worse without it. Also, Glaucon refers to the Ring of Gyges, of how an unjust man should use the power of invisibility from the ring to do unjust things such as steal and cheat because the rewards of injustice are great and there is no cost. 4: Glaucon states “ power of becoming invisible, and never doing any wrong or touching what was another’s, he would be thought by the lookers-on to be a most wretched idiot, although they would praise him to one another’s faces, and keep up appearances with one another from a fear that they too might suffer injustice ”. He refers to a just man as an idiot for not being unjust and using the power of the ring of Gyges. The author uses this point to prove his point to Socrates that it is truly better to live an unjust, immoral life, rather than being just all the time because you can benefit more. 5: The only thing I would have to disagree with Glaucon would be that sometimes you have to live a just life to protect you from harms of not being just such as the law. Lecture 4, 2/4, Social Contract Theory: Key Questions: 1. A social contract is an implicit agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits. An example of a social contract would be by sacrificing some individual freedom for state protection (marines, navy, air-force). 2. Things that ultimately make our lives go well for us are our every day needs for survival. Such as food, water, shelter, relationships amongst friends, family, lovers, self-esteem, and money. The good life for humans is mostly considered of a lot of all of these things to live happily and having to work less.
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3. Humans I believe are naturally moral, altruistic, selfish, and immoral. I believe they are naturally can be either one or be multiple of these characteristics. Humans develop different personalities and characteristics from their families and I believe there is multiple people of all these traits.
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