crim law_final outline_k8 - Topic Common Law MPC or Modern...

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Topic Common Law MPC or Modern Approach Differences/ Distinguishing things/ other notes Mens Rea “guilty mind” One of the four essential elements of a crime [actus reus, mens rea, causation concurrence] Cite: Robinson v. Cali [page 324] Statute made it illegal to be addicted to narcotics; addiction is involuntary; does not meet mens rea req, D found not guilty. (prohibition against status crimes; 8th A) COMPARE: Strict liability: “No intent” crime Strict liability and public welfare offenses are the exceptions to the Mens Rea Requirement. Cite: Morissette v. US Took scrap metal off govt land case. 1) it is D’s conscious object or purpose to engage in certain conduct or produce certain result. 2) D knows with virtual certainty that actions will cause the result. *prof indicates CL mens rea will not be on exam MPC: [D must act with one of these states of mind to each material element of the offense] Purposely: (Intentionally) conscious object to engage in conduct & cause the results. D is aware or hopes or believes that circumstances exist. [desire for a certain outcome] Knowingly: aware that a certain result of conduct is virtually certain although does not wish to cause it. [indifference to a certain outcome] Recklessly: conscious disregard of a substantial and unjustifiable risk that material element exists or will result from conduct. Gross deviation from RP actions. [depraved heart thing] Negligently: D should have been aware of substantial and unjustifiable risk; D’s actions are a gross deviation from RP conduct. [should have known, but didn’t, you idiot.] - MPC splits intentionally into purposely and knowingly - MPC clearly distinguishes between neg and reck based not on actual risk involved but on D’s knowledge of the risk. If a statute replaces a CL crime, but forgets to include mens rea, modern courts will often go back and insert mens rea into decisions. Cite: State v. Rocker The Hawaii case, nude sunbathing one. Note that in light of defenses there are two possible burdens of proof: case-in-chief defense, meant to negate a necessary element. Once asserted, prosecution must disprove BRD. affirmative defense: D has burden to prove (burden less than BRD) Willful Blindness Cite: State v. Carson Note case, page 28. D only has to be aware of probable existence of material element of offense. If there is a HIGH probability that the D avoided knowledge of criminality of conduct, then the D satisfies Mens Rea requirement of knowingly. Specific v. General Intent: applies to mens rea element; defined General intent: volitional doing of a prohibited act. Intent to commit MPC does not distinguish between specific and general - this is specifically a CL issue. Katherine Mohr Criminal Law: Final Outline 1 of 17
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by the crime Motive v. Intent Generally, intent is the important issue concerning whether a crime has been committed. Motive is the D’s desire.
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