Study Guide Answers

Study Guide Answers - Study Guide Answers Aristotle Greek...

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Study Guide Answers Aristotle Greek Naturalist First person to classify organism “Scala Naturae’ -naked eye view of anatomical complexity Fixity Of Species -species breed true to form Louis Agassiz Studied comparative anatomy under Cuvier Catasrophism Glaciology -ice age Harvard 1848 -established museum of comparative geology George Cuvier Naturalist Catastrophism Anatomical Embranchment -vertebrates -mollusks -articulates -radiates Life reintroduced after each catastrophe Fossil record- fixity of species No evolution because change in anatomy would render it non functional
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Charles Darwin “A Naturalists Voyage on the Beagle” Transformation Sketch -branches “Origin of Species” -3 premises 1. Creatures produce more offspring than can survive 2. Great variation within a species 3. Some variation passed on to future generation Studied in: -Galapagos -Cape Verde Islands Observed that flora/fauna/species of islands were similar to that of mainland Francis Galton Cousin of Darwin Transfused blood between dissimilar varieties of rabbits and examined offspring No evidence of transmission of traits in blood -“gemmules” H. Fleeming Jenkin Particulate inheritance Mathematical argument Argued against natural selection Wrote article criticizing Darwin Two types of variation -common and “sport”
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-How to explain unique structures (feathers)? Blending Inheritance would suggest that variation could be blended OUT of a population
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Study Guide Answers - Study Guide Answers Aristotle Greek...

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