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History 152 Lecture

History 152 Lecture - History 152 Lecture 1865-Present...

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History 152 Lecture  17/01/2008 08:32:00 1865-Present Reconstruction 1865-1877 Gilded Age 1865-1900 (term that means late 19 th  century) Progressive Era 1890-1918 (WWI 1914-1918) The Twenties New Deal (1933-1941 or 45) WW II (1939-1945) The Cold War (1945-1991) Fifties, Sixties (culturally 1965-1972) Seventies Eighties: Regan Era America at the End of the Civil War: January 17 th , 2008 [email protected]     Prelude: sectional conflict over the territories, the ones in the MX war and some from the LA purchase, the sectional  conflicts arise and deepened.  The south was slow to industrialize, and dependent on cotton.  In the south abolitionism could not be  discussed.  Kansas by PS, but then violence broke out, Bleeding Kansas.  MA stopped being a slave state in the time of the  revolution. There was a lot of revolutionary republicanism.  Southern economy was very dependent on slavery. Dred Scott case,  Bleeding Kansas, Brown attacked Harper’s Ferry.  By 1860 people didn’t trust each other anymore. The election of President  Lincoln sparked fear, southerners wanted to secede.  Lost so many people, President Lincoln needed more men, so was pressured  to enlist blacks.   In the south things were pretty darn bad, farms turned up, General Sherman marching through Georgia.  Sherman  adopted the policy of burn and destroy, they burned factories and farms, and livestock, the productive capacity was compromised.  Hostility was immense towards Sherman, the majority of white southerners were not planters and did not know how to make any  money.  At end of war there for 4 million freed people.  FEMA-federal emergency management agency.  There were volunteers but  it was very disorganized.  Nathan Bedford Forest, was famous in confederacy, liked the confederate flag, was very unorthodox, went  home and was hard to deal with because he didn’t want black people free.  The Union generals were different, some were very  radical, they would go into Kentucky or VA and thought they owned them militarily, in MO someone set up Marshall Law and freed  all the slaves.   Planter aristocracy prevented black population by prevented literacy, making it hard to travel because they could be  propagandized, etc.   Tunis Campbell:  black leader who tried to build a community, worked very well for a short time.   The story of reconstruction Andrew Johnson was more forgiving, he said it doesn’t matter what you did, you may be  forgiven as well as states, very benign and forgiving, and did nothing for black people.                Tunis Campbell story, from NJ, had worked as an abolitionist, educator, preacher.  Campbell preached that we should 
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