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Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - Study Guide for NS Exam 1(9/25...

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Study Guide for NS Exam 1 (9/25) 9/24/07 Aristotle (384 – 322 BC) o Greek Naturalism o 1 st to classify organisms o Scala Naturae – Ladder ranking based on naked eye observations Essentialism: Everything has its place Cannot move, fixidity of species Non-living: Bottom rung George Cuvier (1769 – 1832) o Founded paleontology o Fixidity of species o Established extinction as fact o After extinction, God made new species (devoutly religious) o Neptunian Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882) o Studied at U. of Edinburgh under Rev. John Henslow, studied medicine but hated surgery, took articles of faith o Unpaid naturalist aboard HMS Beagle, 1831-1836 o Initial observations at Cape Verde islands Reading Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology Finds South American biology different from African/European Proves fauna not shaped by environment Postulates that geology shapes land and species (i.e. earthquakes, etc) Collects fossils along the way o Lands on the Galapagos Islands
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  • Fall '07
  • Schoch
  • vastly different species, Darwin forms evolution, Neptunian Charles Darwin, Galapagos Islands Puzzled, eye observations Essentialism

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