Humanities Notes Fall 2007

Humanities Notes Fall 2007 - Three Key Influences on...

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Three Key Influences on Medieval Society Germanic tribes Christianity Islam Key Dates Conversion of Constantine 312 A.D.* Division of Empire 395 A.D. Fall of Rome 476 A.D.* Dark Ages, Germanic Conversion 500-800 A.D. Preservation of Ancient culture 500 A.D. ongoing in Islamic, monastic, Eastern culture Charlemagne and Holy Roman Empire 800 A.D. 700-900 A.D. Anglo-Saxon literature Gothic era 1137-1430 A.D.* Fall of Byzantium 1453 A.D. Reason and Revelation Tertullian (160-230 A.D.) “What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?” Augustine (354-430 A.D.) “Seek not that you may understand in order to believe, but believe that you may understand.” Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 A.D.) “it is . . . impossible for one and the same thing to be an object of science and of belief for the same person.” Medieval Mysticism Definition of Mysticism 1) mysterious communion with God through love and prayer 2) an intuition that leads to spiritual truths Nature of Mysticism Primal impulse in some ways unaffected by culture Comprehends a Reality beyond language Understands connection between One and the Many Catacomb of Sts. Peter and Marcillinus (early 4 th century) Santa Sabina, Rome (422-432) Christ Enthroned, Santa Pudenziana, Rome (410-417) Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna (425) Interior of Galla Placidia Good Shepherd Mosaic (425) Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes, Saint Apollinare Nuovo (504) St. Apollinare in Classe Early Christian Art Early depictions of Christ tended to depict him as a young teacher or a good shepherd Early Christian art seldom showed the crucifixion Christ increasingly depicted as a king after the decree of Constantine making Christianity the state religion Mosaics became more abstract and flat, less naturalistic during the early middle ages Early Christian Architecture
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Christian adopted Roman basilica style: a wide, central nave, flanked by aisles, ending in a semi-circular recess, the apse Christians also adopted the central plan building (a round, domed structure) for baptistries, tombs etc. The combination of the two styles created some memorable churches including St. Peter’s in Rome Themes of Germanic Culture Violence and heroism Feuding The tragic sense, Fate and tragic pessimism God is Fate’s deputy Relationship between lord and thane all important Exile/outsider The “ubi sunt” Art combines abstract animals, sense of geometry, interlacing Sutton Hoo purse cover (655) Oseberg Ship Burial, Dragon’s Head (825) Book of Lindisfarne (late 7 th c.) High Cross of Muiredach (950) Courtly Love Characteristics Love of the other brings painful yearning and promise of bliss Beloved is distant and virtuous Love is ennobling Relationship similar to lord and vassal Can turn adulterous The origins of Courtly love Geographic Began in Provence around 1100 Spread by troubadors, encouraged vernacular
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HU 101 taught by Professor Vail during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Humanities Notes Fall 2007 - Three Key Influences on...

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