F07PHIL100StudyGuideforthefinal-1

F07PHIL100StudyGuideforthefinal-1 - Good Luck on your exam!...

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1 Study Guide for the Final Exam TA : Sungwon Woo Office : Skinner Bldg 1110D Email: sungwonwoo@hotmail.com Office hours: Tuesdays 12:00 – 1:00 pm and 4:00 – 5:00 pm, or by appointment <Terms and definitions> Go to http://phil100fall2007.googlepages.com/coursematerials(tas) <Essays> Question (1): FBPC: See my handout 1130 Question (2): Act Utilitarianism: See my handout 1116 + below Question (3): Descartes: See my handout 1130 and 1207 Question (4): Philosophical Skepticism: See my handout 1207 <Question (2)> Note: This guide (as well as my handout) is designed to help you understanding the material. Use them as “guide” to your study. They may not be adequate (in length-wise and depth-wise) for the actual essay. So, try to reconstruct the essay answer in your own words in the way you can make a good time- management of 2hrs of the final exam> Question (2)Explain and critically discuss act utilitarianism. Be sure to include in your discussion the following concepts: the subjective versus objective formulation of act utilitarianism; the inclusive formulation of the subjective formulation of act utilitarianism; the collective interpretation of subjective act utilitarianism of the inclusive variety; the problem for act utilitarianism involved in the non-payment of taxes case; the advantage of the collective interpretation of subjective act utilitarianism of the inclusive variety over the literal formulation of rule utilitarianism; the problem for both act and rule utilitarianism presented in terms of the bad father/good father example, and the problem for both act and rule utilitarianism concerning “integrity” raised by Bernard Williams in terms of the chemist and botanist cases. Utilitarian Maxim(UM) : "Act always to maximize the good in the world". Act and Rule Utilitarianism : c Utilitarians claim the intrinsically valuable good is the most pleasure for the most people c We are thus morally obligated to maximize pleasure with our acts, or by rules Act Utilitarianism : In each situation choose the act that maximizes pleasure (Bentham & Mill) c To implement this, presume that there are units of pleasure: hedons. Maximize these. c
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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F07PHIL100StudyGuideforthefinal-1 - Good Luck on your exam!...

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