1.1 Setting the Stage 2015-09-14 ° Child development is a multidisciplinary study of all aspects of human growth from conception to adulthood. ° ° We’ll be looking at… Philosophical foundations of child development and how it became a science. Historical views of children and childhood Origins of a new science ° Learning Objectives 1.What ideas did philosophers have about children and childhood? 2.How did the modern science of child development emerge? 3.How do child-development scientists use research findings to improve children’s lives?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that newborns have an innate sense of justice and morality that unfolds as they grow. He argued that parents should be responsive and receptive to their child’s needs and downplayed the impact of childcare experiences while stressing that a caregiver should merely be responsive to an infant’sneeds oSimilar to Plato in that he believed that knowledge is innate°°Origins of a New ScienceIndustrial Revolutionin the mid-18thcentury shifted focus on children as their roles in the working environment became important (from 5-7 years of age!)oChildren had horrible working conditions (did the dirty work), with low pay and risk-of-injury oCaused national concern, highlighted the importance of child welfareCharles Darwin’s theory of evolutionoIndividuals within a species differ; some are better adapted to a particular environment and are thus more likely to survive and pass on their genesoDarwin’s theory is comparable to age-related changes within humans, promoting the creation of baby biographies—detailed, systematic observations of children (were subjective,poor at providing conclusions, but helped pave the way for better work!)G. Stanley HalloStarted the first English-language scientific journal documenting/publishing child-developmental research
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