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Unformatted text preview: Phil 100 10/26 Filling out the study guide a bit: Question 1. Defne or explain the ollowing terms, and identiy the source or d, e, and i. a. Deontological ethical theories. Theories which defne ethical obligation in terms o duty as opposed to achievement o desirable consequences or qualities o character. Consequences and good character are said to be irrelevant to the determination o ethical or moral obligation. b. Divine command theory. There are two versions. The absolute version : What is morally right is right because God commands it. The moderate version : What God commands is right, not simply because he commands it, but because it is right. c. First formulation of Kants categorical imperative: Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law. (Or: Never act except in such a way that you can also will that your maxim should become a universal law.) (Maxim: rule o conduct. Can means can without logical inconsistency.) d. The distinction between the way and the attainment . The way: the means o attaining a state o consciousness wherein it is impossible to take lie seriously. The way requires hard work, dedication, and taking ones sel seriously. The attainment: The actual achievement o a state o consciousness wherein it is impossible to take lie seriously. Being in such a state, o course, does not require you to take lie seriously. (Source: Odells handout, Ethics and the Meaning o Lie, p. 5-6.) e. Ineffability and noetic quality as necessary conditions of a mystical experience. In order or an experience to count as a mystical experience, it is necessary that it have the ollowing eatures. (1) Ineability: The experience cannot be described in words; in order to understand what its like to undergo the experience and the worth o having it, you must undergo the experience yoursel. (2) Noetic quality: The experience must seem, to the person who has it, to be one in which knowledge about, or insight into, the nature o reality is obtained. (Source: Odells handout, Ethics and the Meaning o Lie, p. 7.) . Descriptive ethics. The description o the moral practices or morality o some individual or group. As a discipline it is part o the social sciences. g. Odells version of Kants 1st formulation of the categorical imperative: Never do anything the universal doing o which makes it impossible or you to do it. h. Anthropormorphism . The attribution o human characteristics to non-humansGods, nature, or animals. Typographic error for i : its either: i (i). Essence precedes existence....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.
- Spring '07