Lecture 10 - Unit 6 18th Century Indian Relations Lecture...

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Unit 6: 18th Century Indian Relations Lecture Outline 1. The Dynamics at Work 2. The Middle Ground: The Great Lakes 3. The Middle Ground: Andrew Montour 4. The Return of the Praying Indian Copies of this Powerpoint file will be available for download from the course website after class
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18th Century Indian Relations 1. The Dynamics at Work
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Throughout the 18th century, European settlers put increasing pressure on Indian lands. At the same time, due to warfare and disease, between 1500 and 1800, the Indian population north of Mexico fell from about 8 million to about one million
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Defining Characteristics of 18th Century Indian-European Relations 1. European territorial and demographic expansion; decline of Indian population 2. An Empire of Goods : growing Indian dependence on European goods: “ The Original great tye between the Indians and the Europeans was Mutual conveniency... [But] A modern Indian cannot subsist without Europeans And would handle a Flint Ax or any other rude utensil used by his ancestors very awkwardly; So that what was only Conveniency at first is now become Necessity and the Original tye Strengthened.” (South Carolinian, 1761) 3. Balance of Power: Indian alliances remained vital to European empire builders because none of the European powers had the military might to enforce their will
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The Imperial Doughnut : East of the Mississippi, Indian Country was surrounded on all sides by the lands claimed by three competing European empires
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