Mike_Discussion9_7

Mike_Discussion9_7 - First discussion group meeting (Sept....

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First discussion group meeting (Sept. 7). Some tips for doing well in the course. • Review notes daily or at least prior to each discussion. This helps in at least a couple ways. (1) It will make it easier to study for exams, since it will be a bit easier to remember things you have already reviewed at least once. (2) Anything you didn’t understand about the lecture can be addressed as soon as possible in discussion or by asking me individually. • Likewise, don’t wait until just prior to an exam to come for help. The material for an exam can’t be effectively reviewed by me in a short period of time. • Do the assigned exercises. What might seem easy to understand is not necessarily easy to do without some practice. • Once readings from the text are assigned, first, read them once to get the main ideas. Then read them critically. Make sure you understand what conclusion or conclusions the author is arguing for and the reasons the author gives for them. Ask yourself if those reasons are really true. Are the author’s arguments valid? • Attend lectures and take good notes. Relying on other’s notes is a poor substitute for actually being there yourself. —Key terms so far (see the syllabus): Logic; term; distribution; validity; soundness; syllogism; syllogistic mood; syllogistic figure; major premise; minor premise; minor term; major term; middle term. —Be able to identify the four standard types of propositions in syllogisms (A, E, I, O). —Know which are affirmative and which are negative. One way to remember: A ff I rmative. N E g O tive (an intentional misspelling of “negative”).
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—Know which are universal and which are particular. A and E propositions are universal; I and O (the ones that start with “Some”) are particular. —A way of remembering the four syllogistic figures: 1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4 th M P P M M P P M S M S M M S M S S P S P S P S P —On distribution: • Universal propositions (A and E forms) distribute their subject terms. • Negative propositions (E and O forms) distribute their predicate terms.
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Mike_Discussion9_7 - First discussion group meeting (Sept....

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