Unit 5 Part II Study Guide - Unit 5 Part II Study Guide AP World History Mr Cummiskey Part I Identifications Directions Be an Airborne Ranger LIST PG

Unit 5 Part II Study Guide - Unit 5 Part II Study Guide AP...

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Unit 5 Part II Study Guide AP World History Mr. Cummiskey Part I: Identifications Directions: Be an Airborne Ranger . LIST PG NUMBERS Identification- from the book Significance (use your brain – make connections, why is it important, what does it lead to, etc) Mexican Revolution In the 20th century, middle class reformers, workers, and peasants joined to overthrow the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. There was a bloody war that costed mexico 10 percent of the population. Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata were leaders that helped get rid of Diaz by attacking Mexican haciendas, intending on redistributing land. However, they were unable to seize the land because of factionalism and regional issues. (p.851) The Mexican Revolution allowed Mexico to have a new constitution that proclaimed universal suffrage; provided for the redistribution of land; stripped the Catholic Church of any role in public education and forbade it to own land; announced rights for workers, and placed restrictions on foreign ownership of property. (p. 851-852) Indian National Congress The Indian National Congress, which was founded by Dadabhai Naoroji (p.955)and established in 1885 supported the idea that British-ruled India, a diverse country, was a single nation. (p.800) It's main goal was to press for a wider range of opportunities for educated Indians within the colonial system.(p.955) Gandhi rose into the leadership ranks of the INC in 1914, and in the 1920s and 1930s he campaigned against racial segregation using satyagraha which is a nonviolent approach. The British had some periodic repressions and concessions that allowed Indians to play a bigger role in political life.(p.1088) Zulu The Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom Party supported apartheid in South Africa. Gatsha Buthelezi The Zulu-based Inkatha Freedom Party threatened the unity of the nation. After the abandonment
was its leader which cooperated with the apartheid state and received funding from it. (p.1094) of key apartheid policies, they still opposed them. They rejected cooperation with other racial groups and limited membership to black Americans. (p. 1093-1094) Marxism Marxism is the idea of Karl Marx that was the core of communism, which advocated uncompromising revolution as the only possible route to a socialist future. The Marist theory claimed that communism is the final stage of historical development where social equality and collective living would be most fully developed, without private property. (p.1030) By 1970, a third of the world’s population lived in communist regimes. The Soviet Union was the largest communist regime and China, the world’s largest country in population. None of the countries that supported communism experienced advanced industrial capitalism as Marx expected, instead they took place in mostly agrarian societies. Marxism minimized the claims of national loyalty and looked forward to an international revolution of lower classes.(p.1030-1031) Berlin Conference The Berlin Conference (1884- 1885) regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period. It was called by Portugal

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