Unit 5 Part II Study Guide - Unit 5 Part II Study Guide AP...

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Unit 5 Part II Study GuideAP World HistoryMr. CummiskeyPart I:IdentificationsDirections:Be an Airborne Ranger.LIST PG NUMBERSIdentification- from the bookSignificance(use your brain –make connections, why is itimportant, what does it lead to,etc)Mexican RevolutionIn the 20th century, middle classreformers, workers, andpeasants joined to overthrowthe dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz.There was a bloody war thatcosted mexico 10 percent of thepopulation. Pancho Villa andEmiliano Zapata were leadersthat helped get rid of Diaz byattacking Mexican haciendas,intending on redistributing land.However, they were unable toseize the land because offactionalism and regional issues.(p.851)The Mexican Revolution allowedMexico to have a newconstitution that proclaimeduniversal suffrage; provided forthe redistribution of land;stripped the Catholic Church ofany role in public education andforbade it to own land;announced rights for workers,and placed restrictions onforeign ownership of property.(p. 851-852)Indian National CongressThe Indian National Congress,which was founded by DadabhaiNaoroji (p.955)and established in1885 supported the idea thatBritish-ruled India, a diversecountry, was a single nation.(p.800) It's main goal was topress for a wider range ofopportunitiesfor educatedIndians within the colonialsystem.(p.955)Gandhi rose into the leadershipranks of the INC in 1914, and inthe 1920s and 1930s hecampaigned against racialsegregation using satyagrahawhich isa nonviolent approach.The British had some periodicrepressions and concessions thatallowed Indians to play a biggerrole in political life.(p.1088)ZuluThe Zulu-based Inkatha FreedomParty supported apartheid inSouth Africa. Gatsha ButheleziThe Zulu-based Inkatha FreedomParty threatened the unity of thenation. After the abandonment
was its leader which cooperatedwith the apartheid state andreceived funding from it.(p.1094)of key apartheid policies, theystill opposed them. Theyrejected cooperation with otherracial groups and limitedmembership to black Americans.(p. 1093-1094)MarxismMarxism is the idea of Karl Marxthat was the core ofcommunism, which advocateduncompromising revolution asthe only possible route to asocialist future. The Maristtheory claimed that communismis the final stage of historicaldevelopment where socialequality and collective livingwould be most fully developed,without private property.(p.1030)By 1970, a third of the world’spopulation lived in communistregimes. The Soviet Union wasthe largest communist regimeand China, the world’s largestcountry in population. None ofthe countries that supportedcommunism experiencedadvanced industrial capitalism asMarx expected, instead theytook place in mostly agrariansocieties. Marxism minimizedthe claims of national loyalty andlooked forward to aninternational revolution of lowerclasses.(p.1030-1031)Berlin ConferenceThe Berlin Conference (1884-1885) regulated Europeancolonization and trade in Africaduring the New Imperialism

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mr. Cummiskey

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