10- American Revolution - Gates c British General...

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American Revolution 2-12-08 I. Loyalists- wanted to reconcile with British; felt parliament should have authority over all British subjects a. Livingstons of Hudson Valley- great wealth and power b. In the South--John Murray, Earl of Dunmore (Royal Gov. of VA) offered freedom to black slave men who would leave their patriot masters to fight for the British II. Patriots- III. 2 nd Continental Congress a. After Lexington and Concord b. Organized the Continental Army from militias around Boston; led by George Washington c. “Olive Branch Petition”- rejected by the king patriots called for the drafting of the Declaration of Independence IV. Overview of the War a. British General Howe- conservative; wanted to teach a lesson, not destroy the Continental Army b. British General John Burgoyne surrendered at Saratoga to Horatio
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Unformatted text preview: Gates c. British General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown on October 19, 1781 (basically ended the war) d. Treaty of Paris (September of 1783) recognized American independence V. American Allies a. French and Spanish eager to see British defeated b. French navy was key in blockading VI. American Advantages a. Fighting on own turf b. Used guerrilla warfare c. Washington’s leadership/loyal following d. Thomas Paine- vital propagandist; wrote pamphlets (“Common Sense”) that argued for the revolutionary cause VII. British Disadvantages a. Too costly b. Could not fight against guerrilla tactics c. Difficult to get supplies when they were far from the ocean...
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