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17- Reform - Reform I Religious Revivala Nationwide...

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Reform 3-27-08 I. Religious Revival- a. Nationwide revivals began in northeast b/c of personal insecurities; led by preachers: i. Charles Finney: 1830- Rochester, NY- 6 months of mass conversion ii. Methodists and Baptists were new forms of Christianity b. North- collective phenomenon (mass conversion) c. South- individual decision to convert (scattered population) d. “Good Works”- must perform good deeds, not just go to church- they wanted to be perfect so that Christ would return to earth e. This movement fit well b/c the world was changing rapidly and people needed a sense of belonging II. Utopias- a. John Noyes believed the entire world was corrupt i. Oneida Community- gender equality (men and women doing the same jobs) 1. Only spiritually advanced males could have children 2. Children raised communally b. Ephrata- Pennsylvania c. Harmonists- Indiana d. Zoar- Ohio e. Shakers- no sexual activity; depended on recruitment for survival of the community—eventually died out f. Mormons g. Amish h.
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