16- Slavery - a. Very few revolts (historians claim slaves...

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Slavery 3-20-08 I. Work: a. 1850 254 farms had 200+ slaves b. 1860 46,000 farms had 20+ slaves c. Over 200,000 slaves were “industrial slaves” (worked in factories in the South- ex: Tannehill) d. Ways of measuring work: i. Full Hand- young, strong men and women ii. ¾ Hand- older men and women (around age 30) iii. ½ Hand- pregnant women and ill men iv. ¼ Hand- old men and women; children (domestic work) e. “Worming”- on tobacco plantations slaves had to get bugs/worms off of the plants f. Field Hands- labored outside in the fields g. House Slaves- wet nurses, gardeners, coachmen, teamsters, cooks, personal servants (not easier than field work b/c they were close to white people all the time) II. Punishment: a. Threats of violence were constant (on average, slaves were beaten at least once a year—number of lashes depended on the crime) b. Rape/sexual assault was very common (threatened to take children away if a woman resisted) III. Resistance:
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Unformatted text preview: a. Very few revolts (historians claim slaves must have been happy) b. Nat Turner- 1831- skilled carpenter slave in Virginia; dreamed that God told him to rise up and rebel against his masters organized a revolt and killed his master and master’s family (spread to other plantations and 60 people were killed) 50 slaves were tried and 20 were hanged c. Denmark Vessey- 1822- South Carolina; free black man who organized a slave rebellion through 5 years of planning an informant told on him right before the revolt took place Vessey and 36 others were excecuted d. Other forms of resistance: i. Murder 1. Poisoning (masters feared being poisoned by their slaves) ii. Sabotage (leaving gates open, burning barns, injuring horses, etc.) iii. Theft of valuables iv. “Soldiering”- slowing work so that things don’t get done v. Running away- only safe way to go was North IV. Social Culture...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HY 120 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '08 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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