23- Reconstruction

23- Reconstruction - Reconstruction 4-22-08 I. Theories...

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Reconstruction 4-22-08 I. Theories debated from 1865-1877: a. Restoration (supported by moderate republicans and democrats) i. Pro-union governments back into the states ii. Recognition of federal power b. Reconstruction (supported by radical republicans) i. Political and economic equality for ex-slaves ii. Confederate leaders no longer allowed to hold office c. Redemption (southern democrats) i. Return to status quo; run their own states again II. Congressional a. Early on, most of congress pushed for restoration confederates had to take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept freeing of slaves (radical republicans felt that confederacy should be further punished) b. Radical Republicans- slaves should have equal rights c. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth V.P. Andrew Johnson (poor TN Democrat who had owned slaves and hated blacks/southern elite) wanted to retain white supremacy and came up with two ideas of how to bring confederates back into the Union: i. Abolish Slavery
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23- Reconstruction - Reconstruction 4-22-08 I. Theories...

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