14- Factory Girls - Factory Girls 3-6-08 I. The Women-...

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Factory Girls 3-6-08 I. The Women- began working in new factory towns like Lowell, MA a. 1810- 7% of MA population lived in a town/city b. 1860- 36% lived in town/city; urbanization (people moved from rural to urban areas b/c of factories) c. Farm girls- 80% aged 15-30; 95% lived in boarding houses d. Single; worked avg. of 18 months (usually until marriage or childbirth) e. Came from the “middling” farmers (not poor or rich) and made the decision to work on their own; gave some wages back to family f. 2/3 had relatives in the factory (sister and cousin pairs were very common) g. Moving from country to city allowed them to meet men and escape farm life (life was dull, women were “worn out”) II. Work- 12 hr. days a. Two types of jobs i. Spinning- making thread from cotton, wool, etc. ii. Weaving- more skilled job than spinning; higher pay III. The Boarding House- owned by factories; very controlling (women were not allowed to live on their own b/c it was immoral) a. Rules i. Curfew
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14- Factory Girls - Factory Girls 3-6-08 I. The Women-...

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