1- Native Americans - apart from Europeans III. Culture- a....

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Native Americans (Southern) 1-10-08 I. Introduction- Natives arrived by: 1. migrating across the Bering Strait 2. migrating across the Pacific Ocean (Polynesians) a. Paleo b. Archaic c. Woodland d. Mississippian (1700 A.D.)- mound builders; urban dwellers; religious hierarchy provided organization for mound building i. Communally owned and tended crops: corn, beans, marijuana, tobacco, squash, sunflowers (for oil); men prepared the land and women tended the plants; hedges kept away wildlife and children watched for animals ii. Crop rotation maintained soil (Europeans had not learned this technique) iii. Hunted for: deer, turkey, bears (fur; fat kept mosquitoes away) e. Coastal Indians built rock weirs that trapped fish as the tide went out II. Craft Skills- abundant time allowed for highly advanced skills in: basket weaving, pottery, carpentry, metalwork (copper), lead making, fabric weaving, leather tanning, pipe making (to smoke from), utensils, stones (to grind and polish)—these crafts set the Natives
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Unformatted text preview: apart from Europeans III. Culture- a. Small cities with homes built on stilts (up to 100 feet long); extended families lived together as clans b. Town square with a pole in the center and symbols on the pole (ex: animal skulls, scalps) c. Played ball games (ex: lacrosse) d. Very clean; used saunas, mud baths, etc.little disease e. Religion: Southeastern Ceremonial i. Worshiped fire and sun ii. Symbol: eagle/ hawk f. Matrilineal family structure; father = mothers brother, not biological father g. Men were tall (compared to Europeans) b/c of better diet56 to 58; shaved heads; tattoos indicated status and clan membership h. Wore shoes and clothing i. Warfare was common, but not as bloody as European battles i. Valiant warriors were burned at the stake j. Herbal medicine: administered by a priest (medicine man)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course HY 120 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '08 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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