12- Political Culture - Political Culture I 1780s-economic...

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Political Culture 2-28-08 I. 1780s-economic problems after war a. States tried to pay off debt through taxes and citizens resisted Shays’ Rebellion b. States tried to print money (led to inflation) c. Needed a plan for national government—supporters: i. Military ii. Diplomats iii. Merchants d. Northwest Ordinance- established Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin territories (could apply for statehood when the population was large enough) Rhode island refused to pay national tax to pay for territories II. Constitutional Convention- May 1787 a. 55 delegates (RI boycotted) b. George Washington elected to preside c. What authority would national government have over states? i. Virginia Plan- James Madison 1. National government should have “supreme authority” over everyone 2. Bicameral legislature a. Senate- 2 senators from every state (no matter population) elected by state legislature b. House of Representatives- representation based on population (each slave counted as 3/5 of a white man) 3. Census- to count and determine house reps.
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