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The Greek World III

The Greek World III - The Greek World III From Polis to...

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The Greek World III: From Polis to Monarchy (404 – 323 BCE) o Following the Peloponnesian War Sparta wanted to become the empire over  the Greeks o Spartans turned former allies against them Could not maintain its hold on Greece even with the Persians help o 371 BCE – the Theban army destroyed the flower of the Spartan army in one  day Unable to bring peace to Greece o 362 BCE – Epaminondas was killed in battle o Phillip II – King of Macedonia (359BCE -  336 BCE) Turned the loss of many of the Greek states to his advantage United the land of Greece, which bordered Macedonia in the south Built a strong army; powerful kingdom and did so with his determination  and ambition Won control of the northern Aegean and managed to awaken fear in  Athens o 338 BCE – Combined Theban-Athenian army met Philip’s army and lost the  battle.  It was a hard-fought victory for Philip II Led to conquering Greece and put an end to their freedom Greeks could not settle their difference and therefore fell to the  invaders o Philip used the victory to unite the Greek states with the Macedonian kingdom  and to form the League of Corinth
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Hoped to bring unity and harmony to both Greeks and Macedonians for 
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