Psychology Test

Psychology Test - Psychology Test: Chapter 1 Section 1...

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Psychology Test: Chapter 1 Section 1 Psychology: the systematic study of behavior and experience. Determinism: the assumption that everything that happens has a cause, or determinant, in the observable world. Free Will: The belief that behavior is caused by a person’s independent decisions. Mind-brain problem: the philosophical question of how experience relates to the brain. Monism: the view that conscious experience is inseparable from the physical brain. Dualism: the mind is separated from the brain but somehow controls the brain and therefore the rest of the body. Nature-nurture issues: How do differences in behavior relate to differences in heredity and environment? Developmental psychologists: study how behavior changes with age. Learning motivation: how behavior depends on the outcomes of past behaviors and current motivations. Cognitions: thought and knowledge Cognitive psychologist: studies those processes. Biopsychologist (or behavioral neuroscientist): tries to explain behavior in terms of biological factors, such as electrical and chemical activities in the nervous system, the effects of rugs and hormones, genetics, and evolutionary pressures. Evolutionary psychologist: tries to explain behavior in terms of evolutionary history of the species including reasons evolution might have favored a tendency to act in particular ways. Social psychologist: study how an individual influences other people and how the group influences an individual. Cross-cultural psychology: compares the behavior of people from different cultures. Clinical psychologist: have an advanced degree in psychology, with a specialty in understanding an helping people with psychological problems. Psychiatry: a branch of medicine that deals with emotional disturbances. Psychoanalyst: therapy providers who rely heavily on the theories and methods pioneered by the early 20 th -century Viennese physician Sigmund Freud and later modified by others. Clinical social worker: similar to a clinical psychologist but with different training.
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Counseling psychologist: help people with educational, vocations, marriage, heal-related, and other decisions. Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology: psychological study of people at work Ergonomist / human factors specialist: attempts to facilitate the operation of machinery so that ordinary people can use it efficiently and safely. School psychologist: specialists in the psychological conditions of students. Section 2 Wilhelm Wundt: “Psychology should be the study of conscious experience” : Introspection, Mental Chemistry, Conscious experience. Sigmund Freud: unconscious experience: introspections and analysis for deeper meaning: Stands on determinism questions John Watson: “Psychology is the study of behavior” : “Behaviorism” : Environmental Determinist Behaviorism: a field of psychology that concentrates on observable, measurable behaviors and not on mental processes. Structuralism: Titchener; an attempt to describe the structures that compose the mind.
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Psychology Test - Psychology Test: Chapter 1 Section 1...

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