11.12 - Chapter 11/12 Motivation and Emotion 1. Motivation:...

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Chapter 11/12 Motivation and Emotion 1. Motivation: the process that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome. a. Hypothetical construct: explanatory variable that cannot be directly observed. b. Multiple approaches to understanding 2. Emotion a. Components of emotion: i. Fear, anger, sadness, joy, disgust, curiosity/interest, surprise, and acceptance b. Expressions of emotion i. Involuntarily communicated 1. Gestures and facial expressions ii. Fairly consistent across culture c. Rating facial expressions of emotion 3. Lying and emotion a. Psychological cues: b. Polygraph machine: lie-detector i. Simultaneously records several indications of sympathetic nervous system arousal, such as blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and electrical conduction of the skin. ii. The assumption is that when people lie, they feel nervous and therefore increase their sympathetic nervous system arousal. iii. The polygraph sometimes accomplishes its goal simply because an accused person hooked to the polygraph confesses. iv.
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSY 200 taught by Professor Craig during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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11.12 - Chapter 11/12 Motivation and Emotion 1. Motivation:...

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