Psychology Test 4 notes

Psychology Test 4 notes - Psychology Test 4 Abnormal...

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Psychology Test 4 Abnormal Behavior 1. Abnormal Psychology a. Explanation of mental illness b. (Newest) social: result of a way we treat other people. i. Patterns locked in by people around us. c. Physical d. Spiritual e. Deterioration of relationships f. Shun relationships – push people away -> isolation g. Deception: maintained by others or by the self. 2. Abnormal Behavior/ mental illness a. Behaviors that depart from the norm and have no social value b. Behavior indicating that a person has a chronic inability to cope with his/her environment. c. Behavior that leads to distress (pain), disability (impaired functioning), or an increased risk of death, pain or loss of freedom. 3. DSM-IV is a book that describes accepted labels and classification of psychological disorders. a. DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illness. 4. DSM-IV Axes a. Axis 1: Clinical Disorders i. Major mental disorders with onset at sometimes after infancy. ii. Chance of recovery: good realistic chance b. Axis 2: Personality disorders and Mental Retardation i. Mental disorders that generally persist throughout life. ii. Narcissism, anti-social personality iii. Maladaptive influx of the way to deal with environment
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iv. More difficult to treat c. Axis 3: General Medical Conditions (physical) i. Physical disorders affecting behavior and mental health. d. Axis 4: Psychosocial and Environmental problems assessment of how much stress a person has to endure. e. Axis 5: Global Assessment of Functioning i. Assessment of person’s overall level of functioning (how well you hold a job) f. 50% of us will experience some form of mental illness in our life. 5. Consequences of Diagnostic Labels a. Good diagnosis: “verifies” the problem, suggests appropriate treatment, suggests course of the disorder, promotes relief, helps evaluate treatment. b. Bad diagnosis: misses problem or misclassifies problem, suggests inappropriate treatment, stereotyping and false expectations, delays relief, might cause more problems, hinders evaluation. 6. Axis 1: Mood disorders, schizophrenia; anxiety disorders a. Caveat: people always act abnormal at one point or another. Consider extremity. b. The “common cold” of mental disorders: depression 7. Mood Disorders a. Depressive disorders: major depression dysthymic disorder i. Depression ->no energy, no motivation b. Bipolar disorders: Manic and depressive episodes i. Feel compulsive. People don’t have the energy to stay manic for long. Schizophrenia (25% recover schizophrenia to normal mental health) 8. Primary Symptoms a. Unusual or inappropriate affect (emotion) b. Thought disturbance
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i. Clanging of words ii. Poverty of content iii. Act confused/ overly occupied (perceptually overwhelmed) c. Social withdrawal 9. Secondary Symptoms a. Delusion (life has special meanings and signs) b. Bizarre behavior c. Hallucinations i. 60% Auditory ii. 26% Visual iii. 15% Tactile iv. 12% Smell/ Taste 10. Types of Schizophrenia a. Undifferentiated (simple)
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Psychology Test 4 notes - Psychology Test 4 Abnormal...

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