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Kuhn_Essay_most recent - Kuhn's Scientific Revolutions In...

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Kuhn’s Scientific Revolutions In Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions he manages to revolutionize the way many people today look at the study of philosophy of science, setting a precedent for what exactly a scientific revolution is and how they come about in mature science. In his introduction he states that, “...the successive transition from one paradigm to another via revolution is the usual developmental pattern of mature science” (12). He begins his work with a step-by-step description of how scientific revolutions take place, and then later on he describes, in detail, the nature and appearance of a scientific revolution and what they mean for the rest of the world. As is obvious from the title, the most crucial concept in Kuhn’s book is the scientific revolution; this essay will attempt to grasp, as accurately and completely as possible, such an important concept. Almost immediately following his introductory chapter, Kuhn describes how a scientific revolution takes place. Just before this description, however, he introduces the idea of paradigms. Paradigms, as will be shown shortly, are extremely important when discussing a scientific revolution and according to Kuhn, they are just another name for the scientific achievements and theories of the day. He
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asserts that the process of creating new paradigms and scientific revolutions basically one in the same, before giving a precise description of the two. The first stage of the process is an inquiry beginning with a somewhat random collection of “mere facts” during which time many researchers observing the same things interpret and describe them in different ways. Next, ‘preparadigmatic’ schools or movements appear (in the case of a revolution the existing paradigm that gets replaced and not these movements), which are essentially groups of people emphasizing specials part of this collection of facts. From the competitive fog of such movements, one paradigm emerges clearer than the others.
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