Tim Beachy (A04)
1. Define cardiovascular systems.
It includes the heart and blood vessels that carry nutrients, oxygen, hormones, waste and
It also regulates many things. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 454(
2. Differentiate between arteries and veins.
Arteries bring blood to the muscles and body and the veins return the blood. (Donatelle, 2008, p.
3. Describe 4 simplified steps involved with normal heart function and blood flow.
Blood flows from the body to the right atrium, to the right ventricle, to the lung, to the left atrium
to the left ventricle, to the aorta, to the body. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 454)
4. List 9 lifestyle factors that would reduce your risk for cardiovascular disease.
Don’t use tobacco, limit saturated fat and cholesterol, monitor cholesterol levels, maintain healthy
weight, modify dietary habits, exercise regularly, control diabetes, control blood pressure, and manage
stress. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 463-466)
5. Discuss how each of the following impact cardiovascular disease: age, gender, heredity, and
People over age 65 are at higher risk.
Women are at a higher risk above age 60 but men are at
higher risk until then.
Heart disease risk increases when it’s common in the family.
Blacks are 45% more
likely for high blood pressure and are less likely to survive heart attacks. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 467)
6. Define cardiovascular disease.
It is disease of the heart and/or blood vessels. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 452)
7. Discuss the seven major types of cardiovascular disease.
is deposits inside the blood vessels.
Coronary Heart Disease
is when blood does
not flow readily, reducing oxygen.
is chest pain.
an irregular heartbeat.
Congestive heart failure
is when the heart is overworked and often injured.
Congenital and rheumatic
is common in children and congenital is when they’re born with it while rheumatic is
attributed to rheumatic fever.
is when oxygen cannot get to the brain. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 458-
8. Define atherosclerosis.
It’s a condition of fatty substances, cholesterol, cell waste, calcium, and fibrin in the arteries.
(Donatelle, 2008, p. 458)
9. Discuss the relationship between blood sugar and heart disease.
Diabetics typically have a higher risk of heart disease.
The blood sugar levels need to be
controlled because a high concentration may lead to clogging. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 466)
10. List 4 symptoms of a heart attack.
Jaw pain/shortness of breath, pain in the chest lasting 2 minutes or longer, dizziness or fatigue,