1. Differentiate between physical fitness and exercise.
Fitness is the ability to perform exercise regularly. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 320)
2. Identify four common obstacles to physical activity
Personal, environmental, reluctance because of body composition, reluctance because of fitness
(Donatelle, 2008, p. 332)
3. List 12 benefits of maintaining regular physical activity.
Improved cardiorespiratory health, reduced risk of heart disease, prevents hypertension, improved
blood lipid profile, improved bone mass, reduced cancer risk, improved weight control, improved health
and life span, prevention of diabetes, longer life span, improved immunity, improved mental health,
improved stress management. (Donatelle, 2008, p. 321-327)
4-5. List and describe the five components of fitness. (Table 10.1)
Cardiorespiratory (moderate-intense full body activity), flexibility (range of motion), muscular
strength (maximum force exerted), muscular endurance (repeated high-intensity contractions), body
composition (fat mass, non-fat mass, fat distribution).
(Donatelle, 2008, p. 320)
6. Identify methods used to assess the five components on fitness.
Run/walk 1.5 miles and time yourself, body composition tests, 1RM, touch your toes. (Dontelle,