Psychology Review for Test 4

Psychology Review for Test 4 - Caroline Cox Psychology...

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Caroline Cox Psychology Review for Test 4 Chapter 13 Moral Development Define: Moral Development: o The ability to distinguish right from wrong, to act on this distinctions, and to experience pride when we do the right things and guilt or shame when we do not o What is right and what is wrong, actions, feelings: guilt and pride The three components of moral development: o Affective Emotional component that consists of the feelings that surround right or wrong actions and that motivate moral thoughts and actions o Cognitive Component centers on how we conceptualize right and wrong and make decisions about how to behave, drawing on social cognitive skills such as role taking. o Behavioral Component reflects how we behave when we experience the temptation to cheat or called upon to help a needy person. o Kohlberg emphasizes cognitive Cognitive developmental theory of moral development Kohlberg three stages o Preconventional Goodness/badness depends on consequence Rules are external, imposed Affected by someone else If you don’t get strong punishment, nothing wrong 1. Avoid punishment The more the punishment- the worse the act No punishment-no wrong 2. Gain rewards Do right to get rewards Instrumental hedonism o Because it is going to give you pleasure Ex. I will scratch your back if you scratch mine o Conventional Has internalized values Strives to obey rules set by others to
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Caroline Cox Win approval Maintain order 1. Good boy/good girl Intent is important He didn’t mean to do it Right is what pleases, helps or is approved 2. Legal Legitimate authority Maintain social order It’s the law-the rules o Postconventional Broad principles of justice that transcend laws and specific authorities May make legal vs. moral distinction 1. Social contract Agreed upon rules, will of the majority Maximizes social good 2. Individual principles Self chosen Ideal, considers all points of view Abstract principles of respect Chooses human rights over law o Most adolescents are in which stage of morality? Late preconventional Instrumental hedonism Conventional Early: win approval (good boy, good girl) Late: it’s the law o Do adults reason at more than one stage of moral thinking? Yes Depending on context Conventional Post-conventional Only in adulthood, not all achieve it o Most adults are at which level? Conventional Stage 4 law o What promotes moral growth? Clarification and awareness of your position Other role taking Knowledge of alternative ways of thinking
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Caroline Cox Discussion with peers not parents, people of equal power Education breeds tolerance Living in a complex society Goodness of fit model o How does empathy and role taking help with morality development? They help a person to be able to relate to others
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSY 3341 taught by Professor Michalski during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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Psychology Review for Test 4 - Caroline Cox Psychology...

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