Stritzinger_D_Unit8_PptAsignment - Breast Cancer Donna Stritzinger Kaplan University SC235Biology Dr Christopher Donnelly December 8 2015 Overview

Stritzinger_D_Unit8_PptAsignment - Breast Cancer Donna...

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Breast Cancer Donna Stritzinger Kaplan University SC235—Biology Dr. Christopher Donnelly December 8, 2015
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Overview Introduction to Cancer Cancer Cell Characteristics Focus on Breast Cancer Trends of Breast Cancer Genetics of Breast Cancer Risk Factors Types of Breast Cancers Screening Diagnosis Staging Treatment Prevention
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Introduction to Cancer What is Cancer? Rapid growth of abnormal cells Occur anywhere in the body Classification of cancer Can be malignant or benign Metastasis Angiogenesis Figure 1. Cancers caused by environment, genes, and lifestyle. © Copyright of Telegraph Media Group Limited 2015
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Characteristics of a Cancer Cell Large, abnormal shaped nuclei Lack differentiation Disorganized arrangement – causes rapid, unlimited growth Vary in size and shape Loss of normal features The suspected circulating cancer cell (in red with a blue nucleus) is surrounded by normal blood cells (in green with blue nuclei). Photo Credit: Scripps Clinic c c C A N C E R NORMAL NORMAL
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Normal Cell Let nutrients and oxygen in, waste out Receive & Send signals to other cells Cells are mortal = old cells receive a signal to “die” Cell has a set shape & controlled growth Cancer Cell Let nutrients and oxygen in, waste out Incorrectly process and send wrong signals Cells are immortal = old cells are told not to die Change their shape & divide rapidly by disobeying signals Have a large nucleus Normal Cell vs. Cancer Cell The fluorescence image shows the interaction between a normal nerve cell (red) and cancer cell (green) . Image Credit: Nisha D’Silva (2015)
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Anatomy of the Breast Mammary Gland Adipose (Fat) tissue Lobes, Lobules, & Ducts Areola & Nipple Lymph System Men and Women have breasts
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BREAST CANCER What is it? Facts Trends in Breast Cancer Genetics Familial Risk Genetic Testing Risk Factors Myths & Facts Signs & Symptoms Types of Breast Cancer Screening Diagnosis Staging Treatment & Prevention Mammogram showing an area of breast cancer. Image Courtesy of Lubbockonline.com
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Breast Cancer Facts 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime.
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