This affects everything in the middle east from how they live to the events that take placeVery dry and arid part of the planet○IT IS DRY-Flattening globe distorts size - North and South poles are un-proportionally large□This is why people think Greenland is huge and Africa isn't that large□When in fact the US would fit inside of the Middle East (Map 2)Middle East is 2x the size of the US (5-6000 miles wide)Map shows Middle East as similar in size to US ----------------------------------------------> □Misconception of size is due to the Mercator map This place is HUGE○Size Matters-Extremely, Basic and Semi-Arid or full on desert○Desert = less than 250 mm (10 in) of precipitation/yearUnique: Semi-Arid, Steppe like, short grass moving from desert-tropics◊The Sahel: Transition zone between Sub-Sahara Africa and Sahara DesertMediterranean climate: Sicily, coast of Italy, South Spain, South CA, The Sahel□Semi-Arid = 250-500 mm (10-20 in) of precipitation/year Including Semi-Arid = 90-92%□Middle East = 80% DesertAlmost all are ALL DESERT□Every single state has some desert250mm as a general rule is not enough to support plant life□General Rule: If less than half the area is covered in any vegetation = DESERT□1/3 of the planet is Arid or Semi-AridThen 80% can't support crops□Temp doesn’t matter (Antarctica is the largest Desert on the planet)□Records for desert extremes:Sahara = 2nd Largest desert on planet Sahara = Largest HOT desert on planet70.5ᵒ C = 159ᵒ FLut = Hottest recorded temp in history of planet (had to use satellites)◊Dasht-e Kavir (N. Iran), Kavir-e Lut (E. Iran) = 23, 24th biggest deserts on earthSyrian Desert (Syria): ties into the Arabian DesertMiddle East has 2, 3rd Largest Deserts on Planet◊Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, Yemen–By a S. African team as a stuntOnly crossed by humans in the last couple of years–Avg. temp 130ᵒ F and <1.2 inch of rain/year–Natural boundary between SA and UAE, Yemen, Oman–
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- Fall '08
- Saudi Arabia, Sahara Desert