Middle East 2 - Middle East 2 Tuesday 3.1.1 1:22 AM A Deluge of Deserts Th sh is ar stu ed d vi y re aC s o ou urc rs e eH w er as o co m IT IS DRY Very

Middle East 2 - Middle East 2 Tuesday 3.1.1 1:22 AM A...

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  • GEOG 1014
  • Gavin_Chan
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This affects everything in the middle east from how they live to the events that take placeVery dry and arid part of the planetIT IS DRY-Flattening globe distorts size - North and South poles are un-proportionally largeThis is why people think Greenland is huge and Africa isn't that largeWhen in fact the US would fit inside of the Middle East (Map 2)Middle East is 2x the size of the US (5-6000 miles wide)Map shows Middle East as similar in size to US ----------------------------------------------> Misconception of size is due to the Mercator map This place is HUGESize Matters-Extremely, Basic and Semi-Arid or full on desertDesert = less than 250 mm (10 in) of precipitation/yearUnique: Semi-Arid, Steppe like, short grass moving from desert-tropicsThe Sahel: Transition zone between Sub-Sahara Africa and Sahara DesertMediterranean climate: Sicily, coast of Italy, South Spain, South CA, The SahelSemi-Arid = 250-500 mm (10-20 in) of precipitation/year Including Semi-Arid = 90-92%Middle East = 80% DesertAlmost all are ALL DESERTEvery single state has some desert250mm as a general rule is not enough to support plant lifeGeneral Rule: If less than half the area is covered in any vegetation = DESERT1/3 of the planet is Arid or Semi-AridThen 80% can't support cropsTemp doesn’t matter (Antarctica is the largest Desert on the planet)Records for desert extremes:Sahara = 2nd Largest desert on planet Sahara = Largest HOT desert on planet70.5ᵒ C = 159ᵒ FLut = Hottest recorded temp in history of planet (had to use satellites)Dasht-e Kavir (N. Iran), Kavir-e Lut (E. Iran) = 23, 24th biggest deserts on earthSyrian Desert (Syria): ties into the Arabian DesertMiddle East has 2, 3rd Largest Deserts on PlanetSaudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, YemenBy a S. African team as a stuntOnly crossed by humans in the last couple of yearsAvg. temp 130ᵒ F and <1.2 inch of rain/yearNatural boundary between SA and UAE, Yemen, Oman
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