Psych Chapter 7 - Chapter 7- Learning How do we learn?...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

Chapter 7- LearningHow do we learn?Learning- a relatively permanent behavior change due to experienceBut How?-Conditioning- the process of learning associationsClassical ConditioningTerminology-Neutral Stimulus (NS)- a stimulus that elicits no response beforeconditioning-Unconditioned Stimulus (US)- the stimulus that elicits an-automatic/natural response (before conditioning)-UnconditionedResponse (UR)-
the automatic/natural response to a stimulus (beforeconditioning)-Conditioned Stimulus (CS)- The stimulus that is paired with theUS (has to come before US)Initially it does not elicit a response (NS)Following conditioning, it elicits a response (CS)-Conditioned Response (CR)- the response to the CSUsually the same or very similar to the URMajor Phenomena-Acquisition: The initial stage of learning when aneutral stimulusis linked to anunconditioned stimulusso that the neutralstimulus begins triggering theconditioned response-Extinction: The diminished (weakened) responding that occurswhen theconditioned stimulusno longer signals an upcomingunconditioned stimulus.Repeated presentation of the CSwithout the US causes the CS to no longer elicit the CR.-Spontaneous Recovery: thereappearanceof a weakenedconditioned responseafter a pause.-Generalization: the tendency once a response has beenconditions, for stimuli similar to the CS to elicit similar responsesCR-Discrimination: The learned ability todiscriminatebetween aconditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal anunconditioned stimulus2
Extending Pavlov’s UnderstandingBiological Predispositions-John Garciadiscovered that organisms are predisposed to learnassociations that help them adapt and survive. Contrary to whatmany believed, some associations are learned more readily thanothers.Applications of Classical Conditioning-Former drug users often feel a craving when they are again in thedrug-using context- with people or in places they associated withprevious highs. Thus, drug counselors advise addicts to changeenvironment.-

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 8 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Caldwell
Tags
Psychology, Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Chapter 7, Learning, Dr Weaver, Unconditioned stimulus

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture