Terms to KnowMass—Roman Catholic worship serviceParody Mass—Mass that borrows from otherpieces of music (16thcent.)Mass Ordinary—reg. Mass (any season)Mass Proper—variable parts of Mass based onseason, or holidayMotet—polyphonic vocal form, usually consistingof 2 melodic lines, each w/ its own text,above a plainchant melodyChorale—characteristic hymn introduced byMartin LutherStrophic—most popular song for, which has 2 ormore stanzas set to the same musicMadrigal—secular song orig. in Italy(sung invernacular); polyphonic and expressiveCarmina Burana—Carl OrffQuadrivium—arithmetic, geometry, music,astronomy (4 main subjects a la Plato)Gregorian Chant—term for Roman Catholicplainchant since the 6thcent.Uniso—production of music by severalvoices/instruments at the same pitch/octaveDrone—sustained toneCanon—polyphonic composition in which all thevoices perform the same melody beginningat different timesOstinato—persistently repeated melodic orrhythmic patternSyllabic Chant—chant w/ one note per syllableChurch Year—seasons of the Church (Easter,Christmas, Lent, etc.)Jongleurs, Troubadors, & Minnesingers—“bards”who traveled around singing of courtly love,etc.