Godschalk states that “they mitigation plan lays out a community’s strategy for
ensuring long-term sustainability by reducing its vulnerability to hazards.
involves four steps: 1). Setting goals and objectives, 2.) identifying mitigation actions and
assigning priority to them, 3.) preparing an implementation strategy, and 4.) writing the
mitigation plan (Godschalk, p. 104).
Therefore, the goal for the mitigation plan is to
substantially and permanently reduce the community’s vulnerability to natural and all
The plan is designed to protect citizens, critical facilities such as hospitals,
infrastructure, private property such as homes, and the natural environment (p. 103).
achieve this goal, many things need to happen such as increasing public awareness,
providing resources for risk reduction and loss prevention, and undertaking activities that
will foster a safer, more sustainable community (p. 103).
Ways to involve the
community include stakeholder interviews, workshops, and public hearings (p. 103).
Each mitigation strategy will be identified as a certain type of strategy, given a target
completion date, be linked to a responsible party/organization (which then comes with
naming potential funding sources), be given monitoring and evaluation indicators, and
assigned to certain hazards for which to address (p. 103).
My previous suggestions to enhance mitigation in Southeast Louisiana broadly
included the structural form of mitigation being levees that will be built strong enough to
withstand a Level 5 hurricane, and the non-structural form of mitigation being such as
evacuation plans (which also includes things like updated flood maps, etc.).
levees are rebuilt to a higher strength, there are other forms of mitigation that can be
carried out to help mitigate flood hazards.
For example, to reduce flood risks, New
Orleans could do what the city of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County did in the 1990s
and have both the city and the county revise their floodplain maps to reflect future
buildout (Godschalk, p. 103).
The next step would be to analyze the new maps and
revise the zoning regulations, acquire the flood-prone properties, and conduct flood
audits for at-risk commercial structures (Godschalk, p. 103).