1_19_16 - Mongol Invasions Mongol burned fields decimated food supplies slaughtered many 200,000 captives from 1254 invasion Cultural treasures such as

1_19_16 - Mongol Invasions Mongol burned fields decimated...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

1/19/2016 Mongol Invasions - Mongol burned fields, decimated food supplies, slaughtered many - 200,000 captives from 1254 invasion - Cultural treasures such as Tripitaka lost - King sued for peace with Mongols in 1270 and returned capital to Kaesong Son-in-law Kingdom - King Wonjong (r. 1259 – 74) - Ch’ungnyol (r. 1274 – 1308) (married Mongol princess) - Ch’ungson (r. 1308 – 13) [1/2 Mongol] - Ch’ungsuk (r. 1313 – 30, 1332 – 39) [3/4] - Ch’unghye (r. 1330 – 32, 1339 – 44) [3/8] - Ch’ungmok (r. 1344 – 48) [11/16] - Ch’ungjong (r. 1348 – 51) [3/8] - Kongmin (r. 1351 – 1374) [3/8] - Mongol princesses, eunuchs, monks ran Koryo Two noteworthy women - Princess Noguk (wife of Kongmin, d. 1365) - Empress Ki (ca 1315 – 1370) - Inseparable from popularity of things Korean o Korean woman, sent with tribute payment o Became Secondary Empress to Toghun Temur Khan o Son Ayurshiridar became Crown Prince and later emperor of a much diminished empire King Kongmin (r. 1351 – 1374) - Koryo-Mongol, aka Bayan-Temur - Wife: Princess Noguk (daughter of prince) - Advised by monk Sin Ton (National Preceptor and Prime Minister Plenipotentiary) who tried to curb powerful families - Allied with Ming China (f. 1368) - Both Kongmin and Sin Ton killed in 1374 End of Koryo - King Kongmin (1351 – 1374) allied with Ming China (f. 1368) - Advised by monk Sin Ton (National Preceptor and Prime Minister Plenipotentiary) who tried to curb powerful families
- Both Kongmin and Sin Ton killed in 1374 - Japanese pirate raids in late 14 th century - King U (1375 – 1388): son of Sin Ton? (Kongmin childless) - Rise of Yi Song-ge Late Koryo - Ming asked land of Koryo that King Kongmin recovered - Mobilized the country for an attack on the Ming => General Yi 위화도회군 Yi Songgye - Yi Songgye took control over puppet kings (1388 – 1392) - Favored a pro-Ming policy - Sweeping land reform – downfall of powerful families - Yi proclaimed founding of Choson in 1392, becomes King T’aejo Rise of New Literati Class (Sadaebu) - Acceptance of Neo-Confucian doctrine in late Koryo - Origins of human & universe in metaphysical terms -

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture