Handout-Subsaharan Africa

Handout-Subsaharan Africa - 1. coastal cities were used...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Geography 597.01 Winter 2007 Chabot Subsaharan Africa Regional definitions: General characteristics: Pre-colonial urbanization: Key terms: Sahara Sahel Ancient Era • Early culture hearth in Egypt • East Africa - Kush (2000 B.C.E. – 300 C.E.) Meroe - Axum (200 C.E. – 700 C.E.) • West Africa - Nok (500 B.C.E. – 200 C.E.) Medieval Era • West Africa - Ghana (700 C.E. – 1070 C.E.) - Mali (1230 C.E. – 1430 C.E.) - Songhai (1460 C.E. – 1590 C.E.) urban centers: Timbuktu , Jenne , Gao (among others) • Southern Africa - Karanga (1000 C.E. – 1700 C. E.) Great Zimbabwe • East Africa - City-States: Mogadishu, Mombasa, Zanzibar, Kilwa Early European Influence • Portuguese (early 1400s through 1500s) St. Louis Other Europeans from 1600s on: - Dutch (South Africa) - British (East and West Africa) - French (West Africa) - Belgians (Central Africa) • Slave Trade - Pre-European slave trade - European slave trade
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
• Three distinctive features of early European influence:
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1. coastal cities were used only for trade; there was no significant building of infrastructure 2. there was very little penetration into the interior of the continent 3. African coastal states grew, while interior areas declined Full European Colonialism (beginning in late 1800s)the partition Berlin Conference (1884) Characteristics of Subsaharan Africa under colonialism Independence time frame relative to other former colonies Neocolonialism: Today Primate cities Growth Poles Political Instability Overpopulation problems and disease epidemics (AIDS) Environmental difficulties Difficulties developing unified African economic organizations NGOs (Nongovernmental organizations) (see additional handout) Note how demographic, environmental, political, cultural, and economic issues are interrelated and affect urbanization issues....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course GEO 597.01 taught by Professor Chabot during the Winter '08 term at Ohio State.

Page1 / 2

Handout-Subsaharan Africa - 1. coastal cities were used...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online