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Unformatted text preview: 1. coastal cities were used only for trade; there was no significant building of infrastructure 2. there was very little penetration into the interior of the continent 3. African coastal states grew, while interior areas declined Full European Colonialism (beginning in late 1800s)—the “partition” • Berlin Conference (1884) • Characteristics of Subsaharan Africa under colonialism Independence • time frame relative to other former colonies • Neocolonialism: Today • Primate cities • Growth Poles • Political Instability • Overpopulation problems and disease epidemics (AIDS) • Environmental difficulties • Difficulties developing unified African economic organizations • NGOs (Nongovernmental organizations) (see additional handout) Note how demographic, environmental, political, cultural, and economic issues are interrelated and affect urbanization issues....
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- Winter '08
- Geography, West Africa, East Africa, early european influence, Chabot Subsaharan Africa, Chabot Subsaharan Africa Regional