Philosophy Final - Philosophy Final True or False: Fill in...

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Philosophy Final True or False : Fill in A (1) for True, and B (2) for False 1. Socrates left no writing of his own. 2. Plato wrote “Socratic Dialogues” to justify Socrates’ philosophical mission. 3. All of the dialogues that are attributed to Plato were actually written by him. 4. Plato’s early dialogues that are attributed to Plato were actually written by him. 5. Plato’s early dialogues deal with ‘ethical’ subject matter. His middle dialogues continue this subject matter, but also introduce questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and political philosophy. 6. Aristotle was a native Athenian citizen. 7. Aristotle wrote only treatises; he did not write dialogues. 8. The philosophies of the Hellenistic age are less intellectually rigorous, and more “therapeutic” than the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle. 9. Before he converted to Christianity Augustine was both a Manichean and a Skeptic. 10. The best known and most widely read of Aristotle’s ethical writings is the Nicomachean Ethics . 11. Aristotle claims that the distinctive function of beings is to reason. 12. Descartes believed that certainty can only be achieved through paying close attention to sense experience. 13. The Greek philosopher who influenced Aquinas more than any other was Aristotle. 14. Locke rejected Descartes’ belief in innate ideas. 15. Berkeley argued that our ideas are projected into our minds by the mind of God. 16. Hume argues that belief in the Principle of the Uniformity of Nature is perfectly rational. 17. Hume claimed that our sense of morality is not a matter of reason but not feeling. 18. Kant’s aim in philosophy was to demonstrate the superiority of Rationalism over Empiricism.
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Multiple Choice : Select one of a, b, c, or d as the correct answer to the question. 1. What does Socrates’ conviction that “virtue is both necessary and sufficient for happiness” mean? a. It means that no one can be happy without being virtuous. b. It means that everyone who is virtuous (regardless of their other circumstances in life) is happy. c. Neither a. nor b. d. Both a. and b. 2. Why is Plato’s portrait of Socrates thought to be more historically accurate than Xenophon’s? a. Xenophon portrays Socrates as someone who endorsed and never questioned the basic values of Athens; his portrait cannot make sense of Socrates’ execution. b. Xenophon didn’t know Socrates personally; he was born 15 years after Socrates’ death. c. Xenophon was a comic playwright who totally misunderstood what Socrates was all about. d. Plato was a relative of Socrates, and so had an inside knowledge of him. 3. How does the character of Socrates in Plato’s early dialogue compare/contrast with the character of Socrates in Plato’s middle dialogues? a. In the early dialogues Socrates propounds theories whereas in the middle dialogues
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Philosophy Final - Philosophy Final True or False: Fill in...

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