02.27.08 - 1 Chapter 7 Natural Resources and Environmental...

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1 Chapter 7 – Natural Resources and Environmental Sustainability World Around You - If you know where a nation is and what resources it has, you know a lot - Everyone should know the world better - Critical for international business - Literally, the lay of the land - Excellent maps available in print or computer format - Business people have to monitor the physical environment to see how it influences their firms o Some you can plan for Channel Tunnel or Chunnel New bridge tunnel in Scandinavia o Some you cannot exactly New oil fields in Kazakhstan Location - Location o Explains many trade and political relationships o Austria in the cold war – Vienna has lovely and ugly architecture for example – Why? Because after WWII and Soviet Union controlled Austria and their way of building is Utilitarian o Why did Vienna have such wealth in 1700’s Because of its position on the river The local rulers charged tolls and made money and bought soldiers and conquered more places and controlled more and more of the river and ended up with a dynasty They were the wealthiest country in the world o U.S. major trading partners o Trade routes adjust to trade volumes What happens between places o Other local markets with close neighbors EU is now dealing with cross border issues – Poland and Germany for example Physical Features - Topography o Surface features of a region Mountains – divides market – tough to cross
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2 Population at base – few at high elevations Often end up with extreme climatic differences If all plains (Australia) less temperature variation Water and high ground o Big countries have it all (US, Russia, China, Canada) o Overland trade routes from China to EU – Moscow Bodies of Water - Water attracts people - Helps things grow - Water and trade go together o Helps trade o Example: Mediterranean Sea - United States and North America blessed o Blessed to have all the trade routes o Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Columbia, Hudson o Great Lakes – I grew up in seaport o Several Oceans, Gulfs, and Seas - Australia not – big flat desert o No inland waterways o Has bays and harbors but no interior waterways o Hard to move goods across, have to move them around Takes time - Sea trade routes from China to EU – Suez Canal crowded - Europe has fantastic system o Rotterdam a huge port Very busy o Rhine River a major thoroughfare running at 72% capacity o Restoring the Danube – EU designated it a trans-European corridor – running at 7% capacity o Other smaller systems in other countries, but still significant o o Amount of trade has now overwhelmed the water & now have problems on the roads with too many trucks at the crossroads. Brenner Pass between Italy & Austria - Physical Conditions
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3 - Climate o Meteorological conditions including temperature, precipitation, and wind,
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02.27.08 - 1 Chapter 7 Natural Resources and Environmental...

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