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Unformatted text preview: GOVT 2302- Exam 1 Review Chapter 1: Newest federal cabinet = Homeland security Libertarian- someone who values minimal government Since the 1960s, Americans trust in government generally has fallen sharply Political efficiency- belief that you can influence how your government acts The decline in political efficiency results from: Decline in active participation Belief that citizens cannot affect what happens in govt Decline in political knowledge Survey data shows that the level of Americans political knowledge is distressingly low Talking was the most important aspect of citizenship for the ancient Greeks In order to be a good citizen, it is most critical to posses knowledge Participating in public debates in the most important act of a citizen (according to book) The economic interests of other citizens in not a necessary part of the knowledge a citizen needs to have. Studies show that an increasing number of young Americans receive their political knowledge from late-night comedy shows. It is important for Americans to have knowledge of democratic principles, so that they understand what forms of political conduct are consistent with democracy. Government can best be described as the institutions and procedures by which a piece of territory and its people are ruled The principle difference between autocracy and an oligarchy is the number of people in charge. Authoritarian- a government that accepts no legal limits on its powers, but may accept the restrain of other social institutions such as churches Oligarchy- government controlled by a small group of wealthy landowners and corporate leaders Autocracy- government controlled by single individual Public good- service that a person needs but is usually unable to provide for himself A job is not a public good The united kingdom is NOT a totalitarian regime Thomas Jefferson said: the best government was one that governed least The willingness to be restrained by the power of social institutions, but not political or legal institutions is a hallmark of an authoritarian regime The main benefit of a constitutional government is that it is limited by rule of law A government that is formally limited by laws and rules= constitutional Before the eighteenth century, governments rarely sought the support of their people The two major changes that occurred in western governments that led to the establishment of constitutional government are: legal limits on government and the right of more people to vote No taxation without representation is a good example of more popular influence on govt Key group in Europe that pushed for limited govt was bourgeoisie Progressives supported womens suffrage in the ninetieth century because they believed women would support their reform movement Harold Lasswell described politics as who gets what, when and how The goal of politics is to have a say in governments leadership, organization and policies...
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