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Stage Theories - Stage Theories Freud Psychosexual Stage...

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Stage Theories Freud : Psychosexual Stage Theory - One of the best known developmental theories - How sexuality starts from a young age and develops through different fascinations - If the stage are not psychologically completed, one can be trapped - Psychoanalytic theory - Nature (at times nurture) - Problems with theory: o Focused almost entirely on male development o Theories difficult to test scientifically - Benefits: o Makes it easier to understand why babies put everything in their mouths o Why young children have a fixation on fecal matter Oral Stage Age 0-2 Primary source of interaction occurs through mouth Breast-feeding Conflict- weaning process: child must become less dependent on caregivers Anal Stage Primary focus of libido is controlling bladder and bowel movements Conflict- toilet training: child has to learn the control bodily functions Developing control leads to sense of accomplishment and independence Success depends on the way parents approach potty training Phallic Stage Primary focus of libido is on the genitals Children discover differences in girls and boys Boys begin to view fathers as a rival for mother’s affections (Oedipus complex) Castration anxiety Freud believe Penis envy is never really resolved and women remain somewhat fixated in this stage Latent Period When children enter school Libido interest are suppressed Development of ego and super ego contribute to this period Children become more concerned with peer relationships, hobbies and other interests Time of exploration when sexual energy is still present Stage important in development of social and communicational skills (and self-confidence) Genital Stage Final stage individual develops strong sexual interest in opposite sex Goal of this stage is to balance out the various stages of life Erikson : Developmental Stage Theory - One of the best known theories of personality - His theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan - Main element is the development of the ego identity - In each stage people experience conflict that serves as a turning point in development - 8 stages
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- Psychosocial theory - Nurture - Problems: o Stages have to build on each other o Most people in life develop at different rates - Benefits: o Stages make sense in chronological order o Gives insight into where a child should be in their developmental stages Stage 1- Trust v. Mistrust Occurs between birth and 1 years of age Most fundamental stage
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