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Ch 4 and 5 - Chapter 4&5 notes Civil Rights Government has...

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Chapter 4&5 notes- Civil Rights 9/12/07 Government has responsibility to protect minorities from discrimination. “Immutable” characteristics (things you cannot change): - Race - Gender** - Age - Disabilities - Sexual orientation** ** = debatable Civil Liberties (rights given to everyone, not based on immutable characteristics): ((Think Bill of Rights)) - Freedom of religion - Freedom of speech - Freedom of press - Right to bear arms - Free from unreasonable searches of the home - Fair trial - Right to vote - Marriage - Right to privacy Civil rights come from federal legislation (congress passes a law to specifically protect an Immutable characteristic, or from federal court decisions. Freedom of religion Establishment clause- government isn’t going to establish a national religion Enegle vs vitale (sp?) Lemon vs. Kurtzman creates lemon test: action by government must have a secular purpose, principle/ primary effect must be one that neither enhances nor inhibits religion,
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  • Fall '07
  • Combs
  • Government, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Civil Rights Government, Establishment clause- government, equal protection Slaughterhouse, Roth test- obscenity

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