POL 02 - February 20, 2008

POL 02 - February 20, 2008 - 1 Democratization in Poland...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 February 20, 2008 Democratization in Poland Democratic consolidation Early chao 1 Early chaos Long-term health First competitive elections to parliament in October 1991 • Electoral system: PR with no threshold 2 • Explosion of parties 1991 Elections to Sejm: 29 parties gained seats • Percent vote • Dem Union 12% • DLAlliance 12% • Conf. Ind. Pol. 9% • Peasant Pty 9% • Nat’l Christ. U 9% • Percent seats • 13% • 13% • 11% • 11% • 11% 3 • Civic Alliance 9% • Lib-dem Cong 7% • Peasant Alliance 5% • Solidarity 5% • Beer Lovers’ Pty 3% • German minor. 1% • Others … 13% • 10% • 8% • 6% • 6% • 3% • 2% • 6% 2 Problems of 1991 Polish Parliament • Tens of possible majority coalitions Unstable governmen 4 • Unstable government • Three PMs between October 1991 and September 1993 Political parties, 1991 • Democratic reformers (right) • Centrist parties 5 • Leftist parties (former communists) Comparison of Policy Space in Russia and Poland Russia 6 Communism Unregulated market Center Poland 3 Some of the parties in the Sejm, 1991 1% UL 10% CA ( PM1 ) 11% CIP 7 Left “social democratic” Right “market reformers” 13% DLA 11% PPP ( PM2 ) 11% CIP 6% Sol 6% AA 11% CNU 1% PCD 4% BB 13% DU ( PM3 ) 8% LDC Center Suchocka center/right government • Coalition members (% seats) – Rightist parties – Dem Union...
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POL 02 - February 20, 2008 - 1 Democratization in Poland...

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