POL 02 - February 27, 2008

POL 02 - February 27, 2008 - 1 February 27, 2008...

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1 February 27, 2008 • Democratization in Hungary 1 Democratization in Hungary – Economic reform – Party competition – Veto players • Hungary joins EU in 2004 • Comparison of Election Results in Russia, Hungary, Poland – Political parties • Platforms of “left” and “right” • Role of former communists in each country 1990 Election: 6 parties Percent vote • Percent seats 2 *HDF (Hung. Dem. Forum) 25% *CDPP (Christ. Dem. Pty.) 7% *FKP (Smallholders) 12% HSP (Hung. Soc. Pty.) 11% AFD (All. Free Dems) 1% FIDESZ (Hung. Civic Pty.) 9% 43% (Center) 6% (Center) 12% (Right) 9% (Left) 24% (Right) 6% (Right) TOTAL 85% • * member of center/right coalition Wasted votes: 15% 100%
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2 Veto players in Hungary, 1990: Depends on number of parties in coalition PM Prime Minister and Coalition Cabinet: HDF 43% CDPP 6% FKP 12% J. Antall of HDF In this case, 2 veto players 3 Hungary: Economic Reform Implemented by HDF and HSP • Gradual Reform/NOT shock therapy 4 – (10 years vs. 1 ½ years) – Began BEFORE collapse of communism (1988 to 1998) • Gradual liberalization of prices • Gradual elimination of subsidies • Delayed privatization of state property • Increasing foreign investment • Private businesses are mostly NEW
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3 Platform of the “right” and “left” in 1994 election Right (Democratic reformers): AFD and 5 • Right (Democratic reformers): AFD and FIDESZ – Continued to support deep market reform • Left (former communists): HSP Left (former communists): HSP – Supports continuation of gradual reform – Supports delay in privatization of state property (just as in Poland) 1994 Election: 6 parties Percent vote *HSP (Hung. Soc. Pty) 33% • Percent seats 54% (Left) 6 *AFD (All. Free Dems) 20% FKP (Smallholders) 9% FIDESZ (Hung. Civic Pty) 7% 18% (Right) 7% (Right) 5% (Right) HDF (Hung. Dem Forum) 12% CDPP (Christ. Dem Pty) 7% 10% (Center) 6% (Center) Hungarian Socialist Party can govern on its own, But they form a coalition with All. of Free Dems.
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4 Veto players in Hungary, 1994: Depends on number of parties in coalition PM Prime Minister and Coalition Cabinet: HSP AFD G. Horn of HSP In this case, 1 veto player 7 Hungary and the European Union Hungary sent representatives to the EU in 8 • Hungary sent representatives to the EU in 1988, one year before Poland. • EU signs associative agreement with Hungary in 1990 • In 1997, HSP signs the accession treaty with EU • HSP continues with economic reforms to make accession possible • HSP begins process of passing EU Law
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5 9 Hungarian Socialist Party and AFD led growth 1998 Election:
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POL 02 - February 27, 2008 - 1 February 27, 2008...

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