POL 02 - February 15, 2008

POL 02 - February 15, 2008 - 1 February 15, 2008:...

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1 February 15, 2008: Democratization in Poland • Poland’s transition: Institutional Design – Historical Factors 1 • Polish workers and Solidarity •Gorbachev • Poland was the first in Eastern Europe to begin democratization –Strateg ic Factors • TWO key actors in 1989 • Each tried to maximize its political power in the new system Change in GDP: 1990=100 2
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2 Disparity among postcommunist countries: Poland vs. Russia • Design of government institutions – Russia: Unbalanced presidential system 4 – Poland: Balanced mixed system • Party politics – Russia: Great ideological distance between left and right – Poland: Relatively small ideological distance between left and right Why a balanced mixed system in Poland? • Historical factors 5 •S t ra teg ic fac to rs
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3 Historical Factors, cont’d. • Brezhnev’s reaction to Solidarity – Threatened to invade Poland if Polish Communist Party did not crack down 7 Historical Factors, cont’d. • 1985 Gorbachev becomes leader of Soviet Union • 1988 Solidarity reemerges – Lech Walesa still leader 8 Historical Factors, cont’d. • Gorbachev’s reaction to Solidarity
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POL 02 - February 15, 2008 - 1 February 15, 2008:...

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