POL 02 - February 11, 2008

POL 02 - February 11, 2008 - 1 February 11, 2008: Russia...

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1 February 11, 2008: Russia after 1996 Presidential Election – Oligarchs – Yeltsin’s decline 1 – 1999/2000 Elections –Pres ident Put in – Most recent elections: • Duma, 2003 • President, 2004 How did Yeltsin win? • Most people did not want a return to communism 2 • Promised Lebed a position in future government in return for endorsement • Paid off: – conservative regions – pensioners and soldiers Where did he get the money to do these things? Final Phase of Privatization • “Insider privatization” 3 • Occurred in summer of 1995 • Most important industries: banks, oil, natural gas, transportation, media
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2 Russian Oligarchy: How could this have happened? • Presidential system WITHOUT checks and balances (one veto point) 4 • Final phase of privatization by executive decree 5 (1998-99) Russia: 1996-1999 •Economic crisis continues 6 • Yeltsin’s health deteriorates • Corruption increases
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3 Corruption in Russia • Russian Mafia, since 1990 • Oligarchs, since 1996 7 • Oligarchs have connections to Mafia • Government has connections to Oligarchs • System is thoroughly corrupt • Starting in 1996, it became increasingly expensive and risky to do business in Russia ! 2003 Transparency International
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POL 02 - February 11, 2008 - 1 February 11, 2008: Russia...

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