POL 02 - February 6, 2008

POL 02 - February 6, 2008 - 1 1 February 6 2008...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 February 6, 2008: Democratization in Russia Yeltsin must choose: Political Reform Economic Reform Russian Federation, 1992 to present “Shock Therapy” Russia’s Presidential System President of Russia 2 Yeltsin, Elected in 1991 September to December of 1993 “Yeltsin” Constitution is written during this time Yeltsin and advisors rewrite constitution • Concentrate power in executive 3 • Weaken legislature • Encourage political party formation 2 “Super”-Presidential system • Strong President Weak Legislature 4 • Weak Legislature • Mixed Electoral System: – ½ PR – ½ SMDP Powers of the president • Popularly elected every 4 years • Legislate by decree Appoints head of government/Cabinet 5 • Appoints head of government/Cabinet with legislative approval – If Duma does not approve appointee, President may dissolve the Duma • Can veto legislation passed by Duma • President is Head of State Powers of Russian Legislature Federal Assembly • Upper house: Council of the Federation – Not popularly elected, local officials – Required for veto override • Lower house: State Duma 6 – Popularly elected (4-year terms) – Approves head of government (only three tries) – Passes laws – Required for veto override...
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POL 02 - February 6, 2008 - 1 1 February 6 2008...

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