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POL 02 - January 16, 2008

POL 02 - January 16, 2008 - 1 January 16 Proportional...

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1/16/2008 1 January 16: Proportional Representation and Parliamentary Democracy 1. Electoral Rules: Proportional 1 Representation (PR) 2. Implications of PR for parliamentary democracy 3. Examples: a. French 3 rd and 4 th Republics b. Weimar Germany Proportional Representation: Example • Country called Davis • 8 seat national legislature • One 8 member electoral district 2 • One 8-member electoral district • Four political parties, A, B, C, and D PR Election PARTY A 1. Name 2 N PARTY B 1. Name PARTY C 1. Name PARTY D 1. Name 3 2. Name 3. Name 4. Name 2. Name 3. Name 4. Name 2. Name 3. Name 4. Name 2. Name 3. Name 4. Name
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1/16/2008 2 Party A = 31% Party B = 33% PR 4 Party C = 30% Party D = 6% Vote share for each party. PR’s major issue: Allocation of seats • Party A: 2.48 seats (31% of 8) • Party B: 2.64 seats (33% of 8) • Party C: 2 4 seats (30% of 8) 5 • Party C: 2.4 seats (30% of 8) • Party D: .48 seats (6% of 8) D’Hondt method of translation of votes to seats Party Vote share Party A 31 Assignment of 8 seats 6 Party B 33 Party C 30 Party D 6 1
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