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Exam I Key Terms:1.Abraham Lincoln- 16thpresident,wrote proclamation of amnesty and started reconstruction, called the war a rebellion, wanted 10% of voter to take an oath of loyaltyto the union, assassinated by John Wilkes Booth 2.Tenure of Office Act- intended torestrict power of president from removing certain office- holders without approval from senate, march 3rd18673.Andrew Johnson- unionist supporter, Lincoln VP, became president when he was assassinated 4.Reconstruction Act of 1867- divide south into 5 districts, holds elections which include participation of African American men 5.13thAmendment- abolished slavery 6.“Carpetbaggers”- northern politicians who came south to run for government positions 7.14thAmendment- right to AfricanAmerican citizenship, Tennessee was the first to ratify 8.“Scalawags- southern whites who support reconstruction9.15thAmendment- prohibited states from denying any person to vote based on race 10. Emancipation Proclamation- Lincoln stated that slaves would be freed, didn’t work but motivated African Americans11. Freedmen’s Bureau- freed slaves have right to pick their employer and get paid for labor12. “Redeemers”- men dominated southern politics because of land ownership, wanted to undo changes in reconstruction, majority were merchants and wealthy businessmen 13. Compromise of 1876- democrats agreed to accept republican Rutherford B Hayes as president in return for removal of federal troops, end of reconstruction era 14. Sharecropping- people who laborfor landowners in exchange for land, crops, supplies etc. 15. New South Creed- south would welcome industrialization, south had to adopt work ethic that northern states had 16. Henry Grady- supported New South Creed17. Robber Barons- term for leaders of industry who rose to their position because of unfair business tactics 18. Union Pacific- railroad company commissioned by congress, started in Omaha and connected with central pacific railroad in Utah 19. Herbert Spencer- believed in