Brain Development - *Brain Development Standard 8*How do...

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Standard 8 * Brain Development
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* Journal * How do attention and experiences contribute to brain development?
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* Human Brain * Brain development during the first few years of life may affect in significant ways the relationship between poverty , stressful home and neighborhood environments , and child life course outcomes . * An important finding is that the brain continues to develop after birth in response to environmental stimuli.
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* Genetic Complexity and Brain Development * The most interesting set of findings scientists have reported is that a very large number of genes appear to be involved both in basic brain infrastructure and in development of behavior patterns. * Defective genes can produce chemical imbalances in these hormones. * Imbalances in your genes can affect a variety of socially deviant (not accepted) or undesirable behaviors such as thrill-seeking, sexual deviance, impulsiveness, violence or aggressive acts, shyness, alcoholism, and lack of self confidence.
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* Stages of Brain Development * The brain absorbs sensory experience from the child’s environment and continually reshapes. (from birth to the age of 12) * After age twelve, the rate at which the brain forms connections declines significantly. * Ex. Now elementary children are learning foreign languages, and more advanced math and science.
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* Stages of Brain Development * Fetal stress during pregnancy caused by any of a large number of factors including smoking, substance abuse, or malnourishment can affect development. * It can affect brain cell connections. (synapses) * The number of connections is important because such connections allow people to store experiences (form memories), think, and solve problems.
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* Effects of Environmental Stress on Children’s Behavioral Development *
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