{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

anbehexam1review - Welcome to Animal Behavior Foundation 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Konrad Lorenz and imprinting Early behavior shapes our social behavior in adulthood Welcome to Animal Behavior 2 Why do male lions commit infanticide? Foundation 1. Natural selection http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZRw0IYdf3g 3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKjxp6L7UDM Foundation 2. Cultural transmission How much behavior is learned from others? 4 Foundation 3. Learning http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/pavlov/index.html How much behavior is learned through experience? 5 Ethogram 1. Observing behavior Observations 1. 2. 3. 4. Naming stereotypical behaviors Are they events? “Horse rips up grass 4/minute” Are they states? “Horse rests 1 hour” Describe structure? “Horse lifts leg” Describe consequences? “Horse obtains food” 6 Ethogram A catalog of the discrete behaviors typically used by a species. These behaviors are sufficiently stereotyped that an observer may record: 1. the number of such acts 2. the amount of time engaged in the behavior Focus on discrete species-typical innate behaviors. Are an early stage of investigating the behaviors of a species. No reference to purpose of behavior.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 7 1.9 A variable species -- the ladybird beetle Evolutionary change requires 1. Variation -- members of a species differ in some characteristics 2. Heredity -- parents pass on some of their distinctive characteristics 3. Differences in reproductive success -- some individuals have more surviving offspring Foundation 1. Natural Selection For Exam 1, look for examples of these three requirements. 8 1.8 Charles Darwin, shortly after returning from his around-the-world voyage on the Beagle Charles Darwin British Naturalist 1809-1882 The Origin of Species (1859) “I have called this principle, by which each slight variation, if useful, is preserved, by the term Natural Selection .” 9 2.14 The phylogeny of song learning in birds Song learning in 3 of 23 avian orders Parrots, hummingbirds, passerine songbirds (sparrows) cladogram For Exam 1, wonder why singing in birds is chapter 2. How does this incorporate natural selection, cultural learning, and learning? 10 2.15 The song of a vocal non-learner, the eastern phoebe Are there exceptions to the “rule” that exposure to adult songs is necessary for expression of songs in young birds?
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}