Music 109 Lesson 9 - Lesson 9 Rock as an Art Form Overview...

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Lesson 9: Rock as an Art Form: Overview Lesson 9 will focus on the greatest LP ever recorded, the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band , rock's most influential concept album, dating from 1967. To provide a backdrop to the album, we'll explore pop culture (especially the counterculture) and world events of 1967-68. We will then consider the album's genesis by discussing Paul McCartney's ideas for it as well as the influence of the Beach Boys' album Pet Sounds (1966). After examining "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "Penny Lane," two significant singles recorded during this time period, we will then look at the songs of Sgt. Pepper in chronological order, from the opening track, "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" to "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds." In the discussion of each song, we will consider how creative the Beatles were in relation to their lyrics, songwriting approaches, and recording techniques. We will continue our examination of the songs of Sgt. Pepper in Lesson 10. 1 Steps to Completion In order to complete Lesson 9: 1. Read the course pages for Lesson 9.1 through 9.3 2. Complete the Discussion Board at the end of Lesson 9.3 in ANGEL 3. Complete the quiz for Lesson #9 in ANGEL Vietnam War The Vietnam War dominated the world of 1967–68. At this time, the war was at its height, culminating with the Tet Offensive by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces in January 1968. The United States and South Vietnamese forces repelled these numerous attacks. Although a military victory for the United States and South Vietnam, the Tet Offensive was a tactical propaganda victory for the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong, spurring the mainstream American public to turn against the war. Prior to and following the Tet offensive, there were numerous demonstrations against the Vietnam War, particularly on college campuses. John Lennon and his second wife, Yoko Ono, actively protested against the Vietnam War in 1969.
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Mods Let's turn our attention now to "Swinging London" of 1966-67. At this time, London found itself beset with a rapidly changing society. In 1966, the "Mods" dominated pop culture. Mods were working-class youths from the East End and South London. They typically wore fashionable suits, turtleneck sweaters, and parkas. They had neat hair and tended to party all-night long using the drug known as "speed." The Mods loved the music of the Kinks, the Who, the Rolling Stones, and the Yardbirds. The music of these groups differed from that of the Beatles due to their focus on guitar riffs rather than chord sequences (few bands at this time could match the Beatles' sophisticated harmonic techniques). Indeed, the Kinks would also offer wry commentaries on contemporary life in songs such as a "Dedicated Follower of Fashion" derived from British music hall, whereas the Who had no rhythm guitarist and featured a front man (Roger Daltrey) who focused on projecting vocals. In order to get an idea of the bands the Mods loved, let's watch a video of the Who in action as they sing their early hit, "Can't Explain." Course Author Commentary: "The Who and Yardbirds" 1
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