Unformatted text preview: Gov 312L U.S.-Latin American Relations
Week 4 The History of U.S.Latin American Relations pre1945 0. 1. 2. Rules governing the imperial struggle (Realist theory) Balance of Power principle led to shifting coalitions. Sovereignty of existing states. The state was the main actor. 3. Imperial expansion meant that Latin America was a battleground. The Struggle of the European Powers for Latin America 4. 5. 6. 7. TO GAIN ECONOMIC BENEFITS. TO GAIN POLITICAL AND MILITARY BENEFITS. RELIGIOUS MISSION (SECONDARY GOAL) CIVILIZING MISSION (SECONDARY GOAL) The Rationale for Imperialism 8. 9. 10. CONQUEST AND INCORPORATION SUBJUGATION AND COLONIZATION Forms of Imperialism CREATION OF SPHERES OF INFLUENCE 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Spain and Portugal divide up the region: Treaty of Tordesillas Protestant countries move into the region England gains the upper hand The Shifting Balance of Power Colonization of North America and the Caribbean England controls the slave trade U.S. Policy toward Latin America after the American Revolution 16.Initially opposed Latin American independence movements 17.Gradually came to support the rebels, but feared instability and foreign intrusions 18.Sought to establish its own hegemony in the region, but did not have the power to do so. 19.The Americas "are henceforth not to be considered as subject for future colonization by any European power" 20.Directed mostly at Russian encroachment in the NW U.S. 21.European nations scorn the idea 22.Makes Latin America nervous 23.The Monroe Doctrine had little immediate effect The Monroe Doctrine 24. 25. Two forms of intervention: Establishment of spheres of influence. Frequent interference in domestic affairs. 26. Acquisition and absorption. But the U.S. had to be careful not to antagonize the British. U.S. Intervention in Latin America in the 19th Century 27.The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 28.The annexation of West Florida 29.The Adamsde Onis Treaty of 1809 30.Texan independence (1837) 31.The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 32.Gadsden Purchase (1853) 33.The Spanish American War 34.The Panama Canal U.S. Annexation of Territory ...
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- Spring '07